Bill to Establish Gender Quotas on Company Boards

9th September 2021

Posted In: The Topic

A new bill to establish a 40% quota for female representation on company boards will address the underrepresentation of women in leadership roles and have a positive outcome for businesses, according to Fine Gael TD Emer Higgins.

Deputy Higgins submitted her Private Members Bill to the Dáil (8th September, 2021) which seeks to legislate for gender balance on company boards. This measure has already been adopted by several European countries and was recommended by the Citizens’ Assembly on Gender Equality earlier this year.

The Dublin Mid-West TD said:

“Women in leadership roles are champions for diversity and inclusion and set a positive example for other women starting out in their careers. But frustratingly, women remain underrepresented in senior leadership and decision-making roles in business.

“Statistics show the Covid-19 pandemic affected working women more than working men. We need to ensure that the economic recovery is balanced, and I believe now is the time for meaningful action when it comes to women in business.

“The Irish Corporate Governance (Gender Balance) Bill 2021, which I have worked on in collaboration with the National Women’s Council of Ireland, will require companies to report annually on their gender balance at boardroom level. It will make provisions for gender balance on the boards and governing councils of designated companies, corporations, undertakings, charities and bodies in Ireland with a small level of exceptions, such as for companies with less than twenty employees.

“It sets a target for reaching female representation of at least 33% on Irish boards within the first year of enactment, rising to 40% after three years. Where a company fails to meet the gender balance quota without a credible explanation, they may become liable for an application to the High Court for an order directing that the corporate body comply with the Act.

“This Bill will bring Ireland in line with some of our EU neighbours that have already adopted legislative quotas on company boards. France has a 40% gender quota for women on company boards, Italy requires at least 1/3 of either gender to comprise their boards. Germany has a 30% quota for supervisory boards and plans to introduce a 30% mandatory quota for 70 of its largest firms.

“Women accounted for just 22.4% of board members of Irish listed companies as of September 2020, while 19% of Irish listed companies had no female directors, according to a recent report from NWCI[1].

“While information is available on the gender balance of State boards and some listed companies, there are no comprehensive statistics measuring the full picture in companies across Ireland. Significantly, this piece of legislation will provide for the reporting and measuring of gender balance at boardroom level for all Irish companies with employees of 50 or more people.

“Experience from other countries has demonstrated that legislation, rather than approaches such as target-setting, recommendations or mentoring, is the most effective way to improve the representation of women on boards.

“Quotas are not a magic bullet that will stamp out gender inequality overnight, but they will accelerate the pace of change and build upon the efforts of agencies like Balance for Better Business and the 30% Club that have been doing fantastic work in driving companies and state boards to achieve gender parity

“By increasing the number of women in leadership positions, companies broaden their talent pool and ensure that women with the requisite experience can have a meaningful say in the decision-making process. This can lead to trickle-down benefits for women at all levels and for the company itself, which performs better financially with a more gender diverse board[2].

“Our boardrooms must be a better reflection of society today and we all have a role in breaking down unconscious biases and reinforced stereotypes that exist.

“It is my ambition that both men and women should have equal opportunity to not just get their foot in the door, but to earn a seat at the boardroom table,” Deputy Higgins concluded.


Supporting the launch of the Private Members Bill 2021 on Gender Quotas, the National Women’s Council (NWC) called on the Government to bring forward legislation to introduce gender quotas for Boards.

The proposed Private Members’ Bill aligns with NWC’s ‘Balance the Odds’ campaign which launched earlier this year to increase women’s representation on corporate Boards. The Bill includes a 33% quota for women on boards, rising to 40 % after three years, and introduces possible sanctions for companies that fail to comply with the gender quota.

Orla O’Connor, Director of NWC said,

“NWC has consistently called for gender quotas to increase the representation of women across all sectors of society. This Bill is significant in that it introduces a gender quota of 40% for Boards and foresees clear sanctions for companies that are not meeting the gender quota.

This Bill has the real potential to improve women’s representation on Boards and we call on the Government to support this Bill without delay. “

Orla O’Connor continued,

“Evidence indicates that all-male boards and executive director appointments continue to be stubbornly resistant to change. The lack of women in leadership positions means women are excluded from the rooms of power, where key decisions affecting their lives are made. This has serious consequences for their lives and entrenches gender inequalities. These inequalities have been further amplified in recent months by the Covid-10 pandemic.

Amid increased caring responsibilities, evidence suggests that many women have had to either leave the labour market, or are downshifting their careers. As a result, companies risk losing women in leadership – and future women leaders – and unwinding years of painstaking progress towards gender equality. This bill is a key step in ensuring that women are present in our boardrooms and fully aligns with NWC’s ‘Balance the Odds’ campaign and research which called on the Government to implement a 40% quota for women on Boards.”

Emma DeSouza, Women in Leadership Co-ordinator with NWC, said,

“It is obvious that a voluntary target-led approach has not produced the results necessary to justify the continuation of soft measures. By contrast, there is robust international evidence that legislative quotas work well – and a groundswell of support across political parties and businesses alike for a legislative approach.

She concluded,

“After adoption in countries including France, Germany, Italy and the Netherlands, quotas have influenced the number of women on boards, the performance and outcomes of decision-making bodies, and broader public attitudes.

Quotas redistribute power at the top of the labour market, which results in significant trickle-down benefits, both in terms of improving financial performance but also for women at all levels in a company.”

NWC’s Report Increasing Gender Balance on Boards: The case for Legislative Gender Quotas in Ireland, 2021 can be accessed here:

NWC’s campaign for gender quotas for boards is funded by the Community Foundation Ireland (CFI).