Gender Equality Index for Ireland 2020
9th November 2020
The Gender Equality Index is a tool to measure the progress of gender equality in the EU, developed by European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE). It gives more visibility to areas that need improvement and ultimately supports policy makers to design more effective gender equality measures.
The Index uses a scale of 1 to 100, where 1 is for total inequality and 100 is for total equality. The scores are based on the gaps between women and men and levels of achievement in six core domains – work, money, knowledge, time, power and health – and their subdomains. Two additional domains are included in the Index but do not have an impact on the final score.
The domain of intersecting inequalities highlights how gender inequalities manifest in combination with age, (dis)ability, country of birth, education and family type. The domain of violence against women measures and analyses women’s experiences of violence. The Index is composed of 31 indicators.
Measuring gender equality is integral to effective policymaking in the EU. Since the first edition in 2013, the Gender Equality Index has tracked and reported progress by providing a comprehensive measure of gender equality, tailored to fit the EU’s policy goals. It reveals both progress and setbacks, and explores what can be done better to seize opportunities for change.
According to the most recent report released in late October, with a score of 67.9 out of 100, the EU is at least 60 years away from reaching complete gender equality. EIGE’s Gender Equality Index shows that advances in gender equality are still moving at a snail’s pace, with an average improvement of just half a point each year.
With 72.2 out of 100 points, Ireland ranks 7th in the EU on the Gender Equality Index.
Its score is 4.3 points above the EU’s score. Since 2010, Ireland’s score has increased by 6.8 points (+ 0.9 points since 2017). The country has progressed faster than the EU and improved its position by two places since 2010.
Our score is highest in the domain of health (91.3 points), in which the country ranks 5th. Its second highest score is in the domain of money (86.5 points), ranking 8th among all countries. However, gender inequalities are most pronounced in the domain of power (55.8 points). That said, Ireland is among the better-performing countries in this domain (ranking 10th).
On the positives, the full-time equivalent (FTE) rate increased for women from 40% (in 2010) to 45% (in 2018). However, when compared with men, their FTE increased from 54% (in 2010) to over 61% (in 2019). In addition, Gender gap in employment has widened, especially for some groups. The FTE gender gap rate is much wider between women and men in couples with children (w -59%; m-86%) than in couples without children (w-39%; m-50%).
In Ireland Women’s participation in social decision-making is among the highest in the EU. We have reached gender parity when it comes to women board members of publicly owned broadcasting organisations. Unfortunately this trend is not mirrored across other sectors (private or public).
The authors of the Gender Equality Index 2020 are Davide Barbieri, Jakub Caisl, Dr Marre Karu, Giulia Lanfredi, Blandine Mollard, Vytautas Peciukonis, Maria Belen Pilares La Hoz, Dr Jolanta Reingardė and Dr Lina Salanauskaite of the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE).